Central Coir Research Institute
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Central Coir Research Institute
 
Coir Board
Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
Dr. Das Anita Ravindranath, Director, RDTE
Bio-data
 
Research On Coir
 
 
The Central Coir Research Institute is one of the prime research centres of Coir Board established in the year 1959 and implements all the S & T programs of Coir Board for the development of Coir Industry. CCRI is headed by Dr. Das Anita Ravindranath, Director, RDTE
The Research wing of the Coir Board was formed in 1955 in pursuance of the recommendations of the committee for Research and Statistics of the Coir Board. The Committee had suggested short term measures for initiating scientific research on problems of importance to the coir industry for immediate follow up and also establishment of a Central Coir Research Institute in the long term. Accordingly, nucleus of the Research Station was formed in September 1955, with the appointment of a Coir Technologist. Pending establishment of the Central Coir Research Institute, the initial research investigation under the Board were conducted at the Cotton Technology Research Laboratory, Mumbai and the Department of Chemical Technology, University of Mumbai, Mumbai. Simultaneously, action was pursued for acquisition of the land and organization of the laboratories for the Research Institute. A ten acre site was acquired in 1958 at Kalavoor,Alleppey about 8 km.north of the Alleppey Town(Kerala) on the Alleppey-Cherthalai National Highway 47(now NH 66). The Institute started functioning in 1959.
Recognition of CCRI/CICT
The CCRI is recognised by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India, as a Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation(SIRO). It is also recoganised by Cochin University of Science and Technology and Mahathma Gandhi University, Kottayam as a Research Centre for guiding research scholors for confernment of Ph.D degree. The Microbiology department of CCRI is recoganized by the Australian Quanratine and Inspection Service(AQIS) for phytosanitary certification of coir pith. The Bureau of Indian Standards recognized the physical testing laboratory of CCRI as centres for testing of coir and coir products.
Focus of R&D at CCRI

The Central Coir Research Institute, Kalavoor aims at conducting research investigations related to problems in extraction and processing of coir fibre into yarn and products. Investigations on various aspects on coir industry covering developments of improved methods of extraction of coir and subsequent processing of coir fibre and yarn, process improvement, product betterment/ diversification. Identification of prospective new areas for potential utilization of coir, coir waste and coconut pith etc. and formulation of standards for different coir products, preparation of project schemes for coir extraction and processing/evolving projects for manufacture of mats and mattings development of new product lines, technical consultancy and field extension service form part of the major areas of research programs of this institute. The R&D projects are implemented under the following heads.
1. Modernisation of Production Process
2. Development of Machinery and equipment
3. Product Development and Diversification
4. Development of Environment Friendly Technologies
5. Technology Transfer, Incubation, Testing & Service Facilities

1. Modernisation of Production Process
Coir Fibre used to be extracted from coconut husks by a process known as “Retting”. The coconut husks used to be steeped in the back waters of Kerala for 11 months and drawn out for fibre extraction by manual beating process. This process has been stopped by a ban imposed by the Pollution Control Board in the state of Kerala. The Institute has developed technologies for modernization of the production of coir fibre. The “Biochem” treatment is an ecofriendly process of softening/bleaching of machine extracted coir fibre. It is faster process yielding better fibres in comparison to the conventional process of “retting”.
2. Development of Machinery and equipment
CCRI has developed “Swarna” Mobile Fibre Extraction Machine (MFEM). This machine extracts fibre from coconut husk in 10 seconds and can be transported into coconut groves to facilitate defibering and availability of the raw material coir fibre.

AUTOMATION IN SPINNING COIR FIBRE:- Compact motorized spinning machines have been developed to eliminate drudgery in operations and improve productivity.
Collaboration was initiated with Dr. MGR University, Chennai in 2017 for development of spinning plant machinery and control systems to spin fine quality coir yarn of uniform thickness with reduced hairiness for weaving superior quality coir floor furnishing products. The CCRI has been successful in developing a fully automatic versatile spinning machine which can spin a wide variety of yarn with a productivity of at least 50 kg of single yarn per 8 hours. It does not require core thread and is convenient to be operated by the women workers and needs to be standardized.

AUTOMATION IN WEAVING COIR FIBRE YARN:- Conventionally wooden handlooms were used for weaving of coir mats and matting. In coir industry in Kerala there are about 20,000 handlooms for weaving of mats and matting. Semi Automatic Loom have been developed at CCRI on which Shedding, Beating and Winding are performed using 7HP motor to reduce drudgery in the weaving operation. As a result, it has been possible to engage the women workers on these looms, as it was considered impossible for them to work upon handlooms, due to the drudgery involved in the operation. This was depriving them from getting enhanced wages which a male worker gets a weaver. These looms are popular in the coir industry.
Anugraha, a mild steel handloom was developed at CCRI for weaving coir matting & geotextiles. This was upgraded to Pneumatic Anugraha and recently the fully automatic Anugraha Tejus has been developed in CCRI in 2017. This is a break through for weaving fast moving products like coir geotextiles whose demand is increasing in leaps & bounds due to its potential in erosion control applications & it as a new material for re-inforcement of rural roads.

Anupam Loom:- CCRI has developed a versatile semi automatic loom for weaving all types of coir products. This is operated by pneumatic force to reduce strain of weaving. All types of mats, matting, carpets & geotextiles can be woven on the Anupam Loom. It can be operated by a single woman worker.

Training
The Institute has infrastructure for imparting training to artisans/emnterpreneurs to acquire on depth knowledge in the processing of coir and coir products, weaving of mattings in semi automatic / jacquard looms, wet processing of coir, Shade Matching, Testing of Coir and Coir Products, Composting of Coirpith in to organic manure, Conversion of coir fibre to the quality of retted fibre, Manufacture of instant Coco lawn, Manufacture of blended/handicraft items from coir and allied fibres, evolving designs for coir products on CAD, Repair and maintenance of Coir Processing Machineries, Weaving of Geo-textiles, Spinning of Coir fibre on motorized ratt / motorised traditional ratt, beaming of warp coir yarn, Composting of Coirpith using perforated PVC pipes, Application of Coir Geo-textiles in various Geo-technical uses. Innumerable firms/societies have been utilizing the facilities to their maximum advantage for the overall development of coir industry.
The CCRI scientists do interact with foreign Institutes and a few of them have been trained in Tropical Products Institute, London (presently Tropical Development & Research Institute) in wet processing of coir and Dansk Textile Research Institute, Germany in testing of textile materials. The scientists have extended assistance in setting up of coir based industrial units in foreign countries, such as Fuji,Ghana, West Indies etc.